Dry Skin and How to Overcome
What Is Dry Skin?
Dry, dehydrated skin is described as being flaky, scaling, or dull-looking skin. It may crinkle when pushed or pressed with a finger. Dry skin lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences. Symptoms of dry skin may be itchy, irritated, sensitive, sore, red, inflamed, cracked skin and /or a feeling of tightness after coming in contact with water.
What Causes Dry Skin?
There are several causes which contribute to dry, dehydrated skin. It may be one core cause, or a combination of any of the following:
Lower sebum production – after puberty and with age, sebum production lowers in skin leading to dry, dehydrated, or unbalanced skin with dry patches. Sebum keeps the skin lubricated, hydrated and protected.
Aging skin – as skin ages, it thins, loses moisture due to trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL), and becomes more dry and dehydrated. This is a normal process, however may be accelerated or intensified due to UV damage, biological factors such as genetic and or mechanical aging such as a result of continually repeated muscle movements i.e. frowning, squinting, smiling which can result in eventual formation of wrinkles.
Dehydration or lifestyle choices – not consuming enough water, poor nutrition choices, poor personal hygiene, excessive stress or lack of regular sleep/insomnia, could all contribute to dehydrated skin.
Damage or removal of lipid layer from skin - the lipids that form the skin’s barrier can be removed / damaged by